IASTM stands for “Instrumented-Assisted Soft Tissue Modality” and it is a soft tissue technique that utilizes uniquely shaped instruments to improve the restoration and healing of soft tissue pathologies. The treatment can decrease pain, increase range of motion, and enhance athletic performance. These ergonomically designed instruments, enhances manual therapy during treatment to reduce the painful motion, release possible adhesions built up between the muscles, help reduce scar tissue, activate muscle contractibility, and promote a faster return to activity.
There are different methods and tools used under the category of IASTM, the most common one being Graston Technique®. FAKTR (pronounced ‘factor’) is a form of IASTM and is an acronym that stands for Functional and Kinetic Treatment with Rehab which has built on Graston® to become a revolutionary way to treat soft tissue problems.
FAKTR took shape approximately 10+ years ago when Tom Hyde, DC and Greg Doerr, DC found their years of manual therapy training bring them together as instructors for Graston Technique®. While using Graston Technique® they decided to try treating conditions in non-static positions based upon their backgrounds in sports. This relationship led to the creation of FAKTR-PM (now FAKTR). This acronym stands for Functional and Kinetic Treatment with Rehab, Provocation and Motion. To break this down into a format that is easy to understand, here is a quick explanation of what each word means:
- Functional – we look at the functions or activities of daily living that causes pain or someone is unable to perform
- Kinetic – treatment includes the kinetic chain and not just treating the problem locally
- Treatment – treatment can be rendered manually, with IASTM or both
- Rehab – treatment may include using rehabilitation equipment such as theraband, weights, stability pads, etc.
- Provocation – from clinical experience, treatment in positions of provocation appear to increase recovery time.
- Motion – treatment may be performed with motion. Depending on what causes the pain, treatment through range of motion or with resistance may be administered as part of treatment.
There are 5 key points that are highlighted in FAKTR:
- Static treatment
Pathologies improved using FAKTR:
- Scar tissue adhesions
- Muscle and joint strains/sprains
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Runner’s Knee
- Jumper’s Knee
- Tennis Elbow
- Golfer’s Elbow
- Swimmer’s Shoulder
- Adhesive Capsulitis
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Myofascial Syndromes
- Back and Neck Pain
- Illiotibial Tract
- Rotator Cuff pathologies